Definition of Terms
These definitions have been culled from different sources that include:
Information Document Glossary of World Heritage Terms (1996) ;
Terminology provided by the The American Institute for Conservation and the Foundation for Advancement in Conservation ;
Guiding Principles, Getty Conservation Institute (2008)
Architectural heritage: is defined to include the following permanent properties:
Monuments: They are referred to all the buildings and structures of conspicuous historical, archaeological, artistic, scientific, social or technical interest including their fixtures and fittings;
Groups of buildings: The homogenous groups of urban or rural buildings conspicuous for their historical, archaeological, artistic, scientific, social or technical interest which are sufficiently coherent to form the topographically definable units;
Sites: They are referred to the combined works of man and nature, the areas which are partially built upon and sufficiently distinctive and homogenous to be topographically definable and are of conspicuous historical, archaeological, artistic, scientific, social or technical interest.
Adaptive Re-Use: Using an old building for a new purpose or function. Sometimes involves extensive alteration to both the exterior and interior;
Analysis: The interpretation of research and investigation results to improve understanding of cultural heritage places
Conservation: The profession devoted to the preservation of cultural property for the future. Conservation activities include examination, documentation, treatment, and preventive care, supported by research and education
Conservator: A professional whose primary occupation is the practice of conservation and who, through specialized education, knowledge, training, and experience, formulates and implements all the activities of conservation in accordance with an ethical code such as the AIC Code of Ethics and Guidelines for Practice.
Conservation Policy: A set of terminologies and principles based on scientific and systematic studies that would guide actions and code of conduct.
Conservation Principles: These define specific aspects that should remain constant through changes in the urban landscape;
Core Zone: A defined area that contains identified heritage structures and comprises the area that is integral to keeping the significance of the heritage zone
Criteria: The basis, whether tangible or intangible, upon which a developments in the Heritage District are judged by
Cultural Property: Objects, collections, specimens, structures, or sites identified as having artistic, historic, scientific, religious, or social significance.
Documentation: The recording in a permanent format of information derived from conservation activities
Heritage as “a human construct that ascribes value to expressions of the past that gives meaning/identity to the present and ensures its continuity to the future.” This definition highlights three things:
- The crucial role of man/society in defining heritage.
- The heritage assessment to establish value.
And the transmission of this value across three time dimensions -past, present and future.
Heritage Zone: A legally defined spatial territory with an established heritage significance governed by policies, principles and guidelines to sustain and enhance its significance to the community.
Significance: This is the collective term for all the heritage values attached to a specific place or area
Aesthetic Significance: The sensory and intellectual stimulation drawn by people from a place
Historical Significance: An associative way in which historic people, events and aspects of life can be connected to the present through a place
Social Significance: The meanings and associations of a place for the people who relate to it
Value-based approach: One that seeks to identify, sustain, and enhance significance where significance is understood as the overall value of heritage or the sum of its constituent heritage values.
Bowsher, A. M. (1978) Design Review in Historic Districts: A Handbook for Virginia Review Boards. Washington, D.C.:
National Endowment for the Arts.
City of Houston (2017) HOUSTON HISTORIC DISTRICTS DESIGN GUIDELINES STRATEGY PAPER For the Freeland,
Houston Heights East, Houston Heights South, Houston
Heights West, Norhill, Old Sixth Ward, and Woodland Heights.
(p. 13-20), Houston, Texas: Houston Historic District
Del, M., Sedghpour, B., Tabrizi, S. (2020). The Semantic Conservation of Architectural Heritage.
In Heritage Science. 8:70 View access at https: //doi.org/10.1186/s40494-020-00416-w
Dela Torre, M. (Ed.) (2002) Assessing the Values of Cultural Heritage. Los Angeles: The Getty Conservation Institute.
View accessat: https://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/pdf_publications/pdf/assessing.pdf
Fredheim, L.H., and Khalaf, M. (2016). The Significance of Values:Heritage Value Typologies re-examined.
International Journal of Heritage Studies. Vol. 22. No. 6 doi.10.1080/13527258.2016.11 71247
Gilbert Heritage District (n.d.) Heritage District Design Guidelines. Gilbert, Arizona.
Historic England (2008) CONSERVATION PRINCIPLES POLICIES AND GUIDANCE FOR THE SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF THE HISTORIC ENVIRONMENT.
London: English Heritage Lucchi, Elena & Garegnani, Giulia & Maturi, Laura & Moser, David. (2014).
Architectural integration of photovoltaic systems in historic districts. The case study of Santiago de Compostela.
Conference: Congreso Internacional de Eficiencia Energética y Edificación Histórica / International Conference on Energy Efficiency and Historic Buildings
Luxen, J.L. (2004). Reflections on the Use of Heritage Charters and Conventions. Conservation Perspectives.
The Getty Conservation Institute Newsletter on Conservation, 19(2), 4-9.
McIllroy, B. and Carter, P. (2013) Main Street Urban Design Guidelines:
Cambridge, Ontario. Canada
New South Wales Office of Environment and Heritage (2011) How to Undertake a Heritage Main Street Study.
New South Wales: Heritage Council
UNESCO (2009). World Heritage and Buffer Zones, Oliver Martin and Giovanna Piatti, Eds. France: UNESCO World Heritage Center
Yamaguchi, K. (2006) The New “American” House in the Colonial Philippines and the Rise of the Urban Filipino Elite.
Ateneo De Manila University: Philippine Studies vol. 54, no.3 (2006): 412–451